Projects

Code-Switching

This study exmaines the phonetics of code-switching, both spontaneous and scripted, to learn more about bilingual langauge organization.

L3 Exposure

In this project we examined whether bilinguals use phonetic categories from both language when exposed to a third language.

Foreign Accented Speech

This research examines whether L1 and L2 English speakers are detrimintally affected by accented speech in speech-in-noise.

Catalan and Independence

This study combines expertise from Lingustics, Anthropology, and History to examine the current linguistic situation in Catalonia.

Code-Switching and Phonetics

Summary

This study investigates: 1) whether bilinguals produce words with gradient phonetics in code-switching contexts, and 2) if bilinguals can use these gradient cues in perception to anticipate code-switches. By studying the production of code-switching we can investigate how bilinguals organize their two phonetic and phonologicial inventories. By studying perception we can see if in perception bilinguals have both languages activated, allowing them to anticipate code-switches.

Publications

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2015). "Voice onset time in Spanish-English spontaneous code-switching." Journal of Phonetics, 52, 121-137.

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2015). "Voice onset time in Spanish-English spontaneous code-switching." Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.

Piccinini, P., Garellek, M. (2014). "Prosodic Cues to Monolingual versus Code-switching Sentences in English and Spanish." Proceedings of the 7th Speech Prosody Conference.

Piccinini, P., Kramer, E. (2013). "Unsupervised machine learning for the accurate classification of the discourse marker like in code-switching utterances." Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics (POMA).

Conference Presentations

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2015). "Voice onset time in Spanish-English spontaneous code-switching." Oral presentation at the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS). Glasgow, Scotland. (August)

Piccinini, P., Garellek, M. (2014). "Prosodic cues to monolingual versus code-switching sentences in English and Spanish." Poster presentation at Speech Prosody 7. Dublin, Ireland. (May)

Piccinini, P. (2013). "Predicting code-switches from phonetic information: The discourse marker like in Spanish-English code-switching." Poster presentation at the 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). San Francisco, CA. (December)

Piccinini, P., Kramer, E. (2013). "Unsupervised machine learning for the accurate classification of the discourse marker like in code-switching utterances." Poster presentation at the 21st Meeting of the International Congress on Acoustics (ICA) / the 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) / the 52nd Meeting of the Canadian Acoustical Association (CAA). Montreal, Canada. (June)

Piccinini, P. (2013). "The predictive power of gradient phonetic cues in Spanish-English code-switching." Oral presentation at the 87th Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. Boston, MA. (January)

Piccinini, P. (2012). "The gradient production of Spanish-English code-switching." Poster presentation at the 86th Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. Portland, OR. (January)

Piccinini, P. (2011). "The production of Spanish-English code-switching." Poster presentation at the 162nd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). San Diego, CA. (November)

Exposure to a Third Language

Summary

Can bilinguals use phonetic categories from both of their languages when exposed to a third language? To test this question early Spanish-English bilinguals were exposed to a language with a three-way VOT contrast. We tested if biliguals were able to access the three-way contrast which exists across all both of their languages, but not within any one langauge. We tested both production and perception of of the three-way contrast.

Publications

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2014). "Accessing cross language categories in learning a third language." Proceedings of the 38th Boston University Conference on Language Development.

Conference Presentations

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2014). "The role of language dominance and language mode in speech processing by bilinguals." Poster presentation at the Meeting of the British Association of Academic Phoneticians. Oxford, UK. (April)

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2014). "Accessing cross language categories in exposure to a third language." Oral presentation at the 88th Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America. Minneapolis, MN. (January)

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2013). "Accessing cross language categories in learning a third language." Oral presentation at the 38th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Boston, MA. (November)

Piccinini, P., Arvaniti, A. (2013). "Accessing cross language categories in learning a third language." Poster presentation at the 2013 Linguistic Institute Workshop on Variation in the Acquisition of Sound Systems. Ann Arbor, MI. (June)

Grants

Piccinini, P. "Bilinguals' abilities to use L1 and L2 categories in learning a 3rd language." NIH Pre-doctoral Fellowship, Center for Research in Language (CRL), UC San Diego. $31,832. Grant period: 06-01-2012 to 05-31-2013.

Adaptation for Foreign Accented Speech

Summary

Non-native English speakers show speech processing advantages in clear speech. This study expands upon these findings by investigating if: 1) native English speakers show decreased speech processing abilities in foreign accented speech, and 2) if non-native English speakers have improved speech processing with accented speech of their L1.

Conference Presentations

Piccinini, P., Bradlow, A. (2011). "Semantic contextual cues and listener adaptation to foreign-accented English." Oral presentation at the 1st Meeting of Variation in Language Processing (VALP). Chester, UK. (April)

Piccinini, P. (2009). "Semantic contextual cues and listener adaptation to foreign-accented English." Poster presentation at the Northwestern Undergraduate Research Symposium. Evanston, IL. (faculty advisor Ann Bradlow) (May)

Piccinini, P., Bradlow, A. (2009). "Semantic contextual cues and listener adaptation to foreign-accented English." Poster presentation at the 2nd Special Workshop on Speech at the 157th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). Portland, OR. (May)

Piccinini, P. (2009). "Semantic contextual cues and listener adaptation to foreign-accented English." Poster presentation at the Chicago Area Undergraduate Research Symposium (CAURS). Chicago, IL. (faculty advisor Ann Bradlow) (April)

Grants

Piccinini, P. "Bottom-up and top-down effects in foreign-accented speech recognition." Weinberg Reserach Grant, Weinberg College, Northwestern University. $3,000. Grant period: 06-01-2008 to 09-01-2008.

Catalan Independence and Voluntary Organizations

Summary

Of great consequence for the European Union, a startlingly broad-based citizens' mobilization for Catalan independence erupted in the fall of 2012. Framed as a grassroots movement for meaningful democracy, the call for independence from Spain cuts across both social classes and significant ethnolinguistic boundaries within Catalonia. To understand the social and cultural processes that have allowed for this popular alliance we bring together research in history (Andrea Davis and Pamela Radcliff), linguistic anthropology (Aida Ribot-Bencemo and Kathryn Woolard), and linguistics (Page Piccinini and Eric Baković), examining the centrality of voluntary organizations in the construction of social capital for possible political action

Conference Presentations

Davis, A., Piccinini, P., Ribot, A. (2014). "Catalan independence: Voluntary organizations and the construction of social capital." Oral presentation at the Symposium about Language and Society — Austin (SALSA) XXII. Austin, TX. (April)

Grants

Bakvoić, E., Radcliff, P., Woolard, K. "Catalan independence: Voluntary organizations and the construction of social change." Interdisciplinary Collaboratories Grant, Office of the Chancellor, UC San Diego. $80,000 (jointly split between three graduate student researchers). Grant period: 06-01-2013 to 05-31-2015.